Journal : Alternate History

Every history text in India and abroad propagates that the Vedic age began with invading Aryan hordes in 1500 BC, over the ruin of Indus Valley people, and assimilated the indigenous aborigines at the lowest rung in their polity, heaping indignities. 

It’s time to debunk the Euro-race-centric, Bible-conditioned, culturally appropriating

and politically prejudiced “Aryan Invasion Theory” for good.

For the truth is otherwise and very contrary.

I have written about this before, even if somewhat tentatively …



Aryans In Chelyabinsk, Russia … City Under The Sea, Japan

Prof Dipak Basu speaks :

British linguist Max-Muller invented that ancient Aryans invaded India around 1500 BC, drove out the Dravidians from their land, and imported the Hindu civilization along with Sanskrit language from the steppes of central Asia.

The theory buttressed justification for British occupation of India, as Winston Churchill remarked. Although there was no archeological evidence to support this theory, it has become the most important doctrine on the ancient Indian history. It was opposed by prominent historians like Ramesh Chandra Mazumdar and archeologists like Rakhaldas Banerjee and S.P.Gupta, but pro-British historians of India have so far disregarded all arguments and evidence against AIT, Aryan Invasion Theory.

However, some recent archeological discoveries in India, Russia and Japan have pushed back the antiquity of the Aryans to at least 6000BC and proved beyond doubt that the ancient Aryans were not nomadic tribes from Central Asia but had very advanced urban civilizations. Russian archeologists and linguists also proved that the Aryans have migrated not from the Russian steppes but came to Russia via Armenia and Georgia.

This compellingly adds to evidence that India was the original home of the Aryans.

Refer :

Advanced civilization of the Aryans in Chelyabinsk, Russia

President Putin visited one of the most mysterious places on planet Earth – the ruins of the ancient town of Arkaim, which is situated on the outskirts of the city of Chelyabinsk. Pravda reported (on 16 July 2005) about the starling discovery of ruins of a very advanced civilization of Indo-Aryan origin, which was at least 4000 years old in Arkaim.

The Arkaim valley in the south of Ural was supposed to be flooded in 1987; local authorities were going to create a water reservoir there to irrigate the drought prone fields. However, scientists found strange circles in the center of the valley : the authorities gave archaeologists time to explore the area. Scientists were shocked to discover that Arkaim was the same age as Egypt and Babylon. Archaeological excavations showed that the people, who inhabited Arkaim, represented the ancient Indo-Aryan civilization.

Ancient Arkaim not only had a city, but also a temple and an astronomic observatory.

Prof. Gennady Zdanovich, chairman of the archaeological expedition said, “We achieved what seemed to be absolutely unreal. How did people of such ancient civilization manage to accomplish incredible technological progress, which still seems to be unachievable nowadays?”

A group of Russian researchers, headed by Prof. Vadim Chernobrovy, has recently returned from the mysterious region. He said, “A flight above Arkaim on board a helicopter gives you an incredible impression. The huge concentric circles on the valley are clearly visible. The town and its outskirts are all enclosed in the circles. We still do not know what point the gigantic circles have, whether they were made for defensive, scientific, educational, or ritual purposes. Some researchers say that the circles were actually used as the runway for an ancient spaceport.” 

Researchers discovered that the ancient town was equipped with the storm sewage system, which helped Arkaim`s residents avoid floods. The people were protected against fires as well : timbered floorings and houses themselves were imbued with fireproof substance. It was a rather strong compound, the remnants of which can still be found in the ruins of the town.

Each house was outfitted with “all modern conveniences”, as they would say nowadays. There was a well, an oven, and dome-like food storage in every house. The well was branching out into two underground trenches: one of them was directed to the oven and the other one ended in the food storage. The trenches were used to supply chilly air to the oven and to the food storage. The cool air from the trenches was also creating a very powerful traction force in the Aryan oven, which made it possible to smelt bronze there.

The central square in Arkaim was the only object of square shape in the town. Judging upon traces of bonfires that were placed in a specific order on the square, the place was used as a site for certain rituals. Arkaim was built according to a previously projected plan as a single complicated complex, which also had an acute orientation on astronomic objects.

Prof.Grigoryev of the Institute of History and Archaeology, Ural branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Chelyabinsk, Russia, said recently, “ There are no features of “Steppe cultures” in cultures of India and Iran. There are no Finno-Ugric borrowings in languages of Avesta and Rig Veda.” According to him (1996, 1998), Ancient Aryans came originally from Iran to Russia via Syria, Anatolia, Armenia and formed the vast cities in Sintashta-Petrovka area near Chelyabinsk. Earlier, linguistic experts Prof.Gamkrelidze and Prof.Ivanov (1984) confirmed that explanation.

How far is Iran from Sindh-Saraswati valley ? We also know from the Puranas, that Aryans were divided into two groups, Sur of India and Asura of Iran. Russian archeologists are not aware of the submarine ruins of Dwarka and Cambay yet. If they would know, it would be possible to prove what Rakhaldas Banerjee and Ramesh Chadra Mazumdar said all along that India was the origin of the ancient Aryans, who had migrated to Russia via Armenia. The discovery made by the Russian archeologists of the temple of Mithra under the basement of the world’s oldest official Christian church in Yerevan, Armenia, shows that link.

Archeological Details of Arkaim in Chelyabinsk

The site is known by the Russian archeologists since at least 70 years, as Sintasha-Petrovka cultural area of ancient Aryans, but it was ignored by the Anglo-American historians. Sintashta-Petrovka cultural area runs along the eastern Urals of the Eurasian steppe for about 400 km south of Chelabyansk and to the east for about 200 km. There are 23 sites recognized as belonging to this group. 

The Sintashta burials, and those found at other Arkiam sites, vary greatly in detail. These burials provide archaeological evidence of the burial rituals set down in the Rig Veda and Avesta and, thus, these are called Indo-Iranian.

The sites have been called “towns” and, most of them have been discovered through aerial photography; they are laid out in round, square, or oval shapes. While only two of these “towns”, Arkaim and Sintashta, have been excavated largely, they are characterized as being fortified, having connecting houses, and having extensive evidence for metallurgy. 

The excavator of Sintashta, Gening (1979), has shown that the burials from Sintashta do, how-ever, provide archaeological evidence for numerous aspects of the burial rituals set down in texts of Rig Veda and Avesta. The Avesta was composed by Zorathustra, who attempted to erase the earlier practice of worship of God Mithra.

The dating of the Avesta is problematic, since there are disputes about the time of Zorathustra. According to Xanthus of Lydia, it was 6480 BC; according to Aristotle it was 6350 BC ( in Heredotus). According to Ferdowsi’s Shahnamah, it was 6600 BC; according to the Roman historian Plutarch it was 6000 BC.

Suppose we accept it was 6000BC, and given the fact the Rig Veda was older than Avesta, as Zorathustra has tried to erase out worship of Vedic gods in favour of only one God Asura Mazda, Aryans were in India before 6000 BC.

Sintashta Culture, of which Arkaim was a part, was formed in Chelyabinsk in about 2000 BC, according to radiocarbon tests (Trifonov 1997). This culture was spread over a vast geographic region from the Dnieper River in Ukraine to eastern Kazakhstan. The investigation of the metal ores was undertaken using spectral analysis. The results indicated that the ores recovered from Sintashta settlements did not contain arsenic while in contrast, slag retrieved from the same sites contained high levels of the element. However, metal structures of the Caucasus and Anatolia are similar to the metal structure of the Sintashta Culture, and the tradition of alloying during the ore smelting stage was well established in the Caucasus region.

All the features of the Syro-Anatolian cultures have parallels with the archaeological cultures of this region, the most remarkable of which are Sintashta fortified settlements that are identical to Anatolian settlements. In addition, there are many analogies with the Sintashta Culture in ceramics, and stone and Syro-Anatolian metal artifacts.

This is the basis of the conclusion suggested by the Russian archeologists and linguistics (Gamkrelidze and Ivanov, 1984; Grigoryev, 1996, 1998) that Aryans migrated from Iran to Armenia and then to Russia; Aryans never came down from Russia to India. According to them, Aryans most possibly had started migrating from Iran in 8000BC. They had reached Balkan Peninsula and Anatolia in about 6000 BC and had reached Russian steppes in Chelyabinsk in about 4000BC. By that time, they had very advanced urban civilization, not at all nomadic in any way. The Indo-Europeanization of Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine lasted for a long time, from the Neolithic to the beginning of the Iron Age. In the Middle Bronze Age Indo-Aryans came to Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, and Greece. Russian archeologists were not aware of the Sindhu-Saraswati civilization or Dwarka. I have drawn the attention of Prof.Grigoryev to these ruins. Perhaps in future, he and his team will prove the migration of the Aryans had started from India, not from Iran.

Relationship with Krishna’s Dwarka

The discoveries at Gulf of Cambay by the National Institute of Ocean Technology established, using carbon-14, the date of wood samples excavated from under the sea at 7,500 BC, and the existence of a civilization about that period.

Krishna’s Dwarka existed some 4,000 years ago. There was a rise in the sea level of about 30 metres over a period 7,500 years, at the rate of 10 metres in 3,500-3,800 years. Eroded debris and pottery provided evidence of a port town destroyed by sea about 3,500 years ago.

Marine archaeologists in India have found enough proof to assert that Mahabharata is not a myth, but history. Discovery of submerged buildings of the legendary city of Dwarka indicate that Indians were masters in town planning and maritime activity, 4,000 years ago. The rise in sea level in Dwarka is a scientific fact. Studies have proved that the sea considerably and suddenly rose to submerge the city. 

Harivamsha describes the submerging of Dwarka saying Krishna instructed Arjuna, who was then visiting Dwarka; to evacuate the residents of the city as the sea was going to engulf the city. “On the seventh day (of Krishna saying this), as the last of the citizens were leaving the city, the sea entered the streets of Dwarka.”

[in ‘Search on Krishna´s Dwarka comes to a standstill’, By Vaidehi Nathan; Organiser, 2004, June20] 

Ruins of Dwarka also show a very advanced civilization, which could not be formed by semi-nomadic Aryans coming down from central Asia in 1500 BC. The city originally itself could be about 6000 years old. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his essay ‘Is Krisna a historical figure’ (in ‘Krisna Charita’) has calculated the time of the war described in Mahabharata. According to him, the war took place about 3700 BC.

Aryan city under the sea near Japan

Another nail was struck on the British theory of Aryan invasion with the discovery of ruins of a city, at least 6000 years old, under the sea near Okinawa, Japan. The original people of Japan were Indo-Aryans and the structure of the ruins has close similarities to the ancient architecture of India, Iran, and Egypt.

It was chanced upon when a unique structure was found beneath the sea where Japan`s western most Yonaguni Island lies. In 1997, an investigation team from the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa discovered the site. Prof. Masaaki Kimura, professor at the University of the Ryukyus, a marine geologist, said, “We found that the ruins are at least 6000 years old. It could go back another 4000 years when we consider the length of time before they sank into the water.”

Okinawa was once connected to the Asian continent. Geologic chronology shows that the area in Yonaguni was already underwater 6000 years ago. Prof. Kimura says “During the past 10,000 years, the ocean water level rose about 40 meters. From this fact, it is only natural to think that it was part an ancient culture that is now deep in water. All of a sudden, such an advanced civilization was discovered; so we believe there must be a lost culture before that.”

(in his book “Mu Tairiku Wa Ryukyu ni Atta” or “The Legendary Sunken Continent Was In The Ryukyus” published in 1997)

Marine geologists think that the lost civilization was once on ground level, but now it has sunk into the ocean. The ocean surface has risen by 100 meters in the past 20,000 years.

Undersea ruins near Yonaguni Island stand 25 meters tall and 100 meters long. This megalithic structure was artificially formed. There are a number of these types of ruins off the coast of Okinawa. However, this one in Yonaguni is the largest, and the only authenticated one. The structure of the buildings are not Mongolian in character but related to the ruins of India, Middle East and Egypt.

The ancient people of Japan were not Mongolian, but Indo-Aryans; Mongolians began to migrate to Japan about 2000 years ago. The decendants of the ancient Indo-Aryans of Japan, Aino people, are still there in the northern island of Hokkaido; they have distinct Indo-Aryan physical features. Details of this lost civilizations and photos of the undersea buildings are uploaded @

I have mentioned this discovery to Dr. Shila Tripati of the Marine Archaeology Centre, National Institute of Oceanography in Goa. Dr.Tripati has contacted Prof.Kimura already and we hope in future their joint efforts will show the link between Cambay, Dwarka and Okinawa’s undersea ruins of very advanced civilization of the Indo-Aryans.

Joker in the pack … Prof D N Jha of Delhi University

Given these overwhelming evidences of archeological findings in India, Russia and Japan, it is surprising that the Anglo-American historians and their Indian followers are still insisting on the Aryan invasion theory, and of their coming into north-west India from Central Asia around 1500 BC ! 

Prof D N Jha recently wrote a book and several articles to prove that ancient semi-nomadic Aryans who, according to him, invaded India about 1500 B C and used to eat beef. (in his book, The Myth of the Holy Cow, Verso, 2002). To prove his thesis he does not hesitate to put forward fraudulent claims and misinterpret facts.

He quotes from Rig Veda (VIII.43.11) as ” Agni …is one whose food is the ox and the barren cow”. This is a wrong quotation. The exact quotation should be ” Let us serve Agni with our hymns, disposer, fed on ox and cow, who bears the soma on his back” (in Griffith’s translation of Rig Veda). It does not mean ancient Aryans used to eat ox and cow, but Agni can dispose of any wealth, ox and cow used to be the symbol of wealth.

He also quotes, Rig Veda ( X.79.6), as ” Cow was cut up with a sword or an axe”.

This quotation is horribly incorrect. The exact quotation should be, ” Agni, hast thou committed sin or treason among the Gods ? In ignorance, I ask thee. In play or otherwise hast he, the gold-hued and toothless one, cut his food up as a knife does of its victim” (in Griffith’s translation of Rig Veda).

It does not say anything about cutting cows or ox. Using these false quotations he has tried to prove Aryans used to eat beef. And, no, he offers nothing on all the evidence that has turned up in Chelyabinsk, Okinawa, Dwarka, and Cambay !

Given their advanced ways in Chelyabinsk, it is untenable to hold that the Indo-Aryan civilization was born only 4000 years ago, when the ruins itself are of the same age. It is probable the ancient Aryans have migrated eastwards to Japan, as there is evidence that the Aino people, descendants of the ancient Indo-Aryans in Japan, came originally from eastern Siberia. The ruins of submarine city near Okinawa were probably developed by the same Indo-Aryans nearly 10,000 years ago.

Where does that leave the theory propagated by Max-Muller ? And how do the assorted British historians and their willing partners like Romila Thaper, D N Jha and Irfan Habib still parrot the pet theme ?

At a recent conference of the Indian History Congress, dominated by the Indian historians of uncritical kind, it was proposed that there should not be any archeological excavations in any of the ancient religious sites in India ! What are they afraid of ? Obviously, it is clear… discovery of the truth.

*    *    *

Prof. Dipak Basu
Professor in International Economics
Nagasaki University, Japan
” Recently India government has refused any more funds for the archeological excavationsof the dried –up river bed of the legendary Swaraswati river, along whose path ruins of much of the very ancient civilization of India lie. The argument of the India government is that the river is a myth and the British theory of ‘Aryan invasion’ is the established truth. Although Karl Marx and the international Marxism has nothing against Indian archeology, Indian Marxists – CPI (M) – have taken a very strong position in support of the Anglo-American view of Indian history …”
You decide : Why ?

Journal : Alternate History – Part II

Atharva Veda : Meat Eating – Ethics and Morals ?

This one is for the hard-boiled moralising Hindu, who is always on the quick to advocate for a vegetarian diet for everyone on the earth. His pitch is intensely moral, suggesting that flesh eating is exceedingly immoral for human beings. And, he does not fail to demand or passionately expect that his interlocutors stop consuming animal flesh for good.


Frequently, when without recourse to any further rationale, our Hindu “ Veg-Is-Pure ”  Pundit will snap back :

“ Show us where in our religious or traditional texts, Vedas and Shastras, is it indicated that animal flesh is approved food for human beings ! Show us … “


I have always believed that what one eats is a matter decided by one’s income, culture or choice. Besides, non-vegetarians are invariably omnivorous, even if vegetarians are not. Over some decades, consumption of non-vegetarian food has begun to be unsustainable on environmental resources we globally have, the huge human population we need to feed to provide basic nourishment, which is simply vegetarian in the main, and the prohibitive opportunity cost humanity is paying for the fad.

Meat eating has hence become an ethical issue; though not a moral one. I would concede that meat consumption becomes irrelevant and any felt need for it drops off our life’s radar at a certain point along our spiritual evolution, when one is materially content and largely free from the worldly business of ambitious exertions. After a point, it even becomes unwanted and undesirable. But that, for one, is truly a consequence of individual preference, no matter the cause; and, two, less than 3% of the total population would actually verge on such spiritual excellence as would present meat-eating with moral dimensions for oneself.

There is reason to believe that, at a certain level of personal evolution, meat, especially red, does qualify the unaware or unsuspecting mind with a measure of aggression, a quality no longer welcome and even harmful. Which, in general, is not the case with vegetables and food preparations made from plant derived products.

*   *   *

This hymn, paraphrased from Atharva Veda
[ Book VI, Canto LXXI, of Ralph T.H. Griffith, Hymns of the Atharva Veda (1895) ]
expresses a Vedic priest’s benediction upon food in general and meat forms in particular.
All of it is described as objects that “ pleases and delights ” the man.




Clearly, consumption of meat was not proscribed in Sanatan Dharma, the Hindu way of life.

On the contrary, it seems to have been a common fare, much desired and relished.





 [ I ]      Paraphrased

           A Priest’s Benediction Upon Food

O Agni, the Hotr !

Make all that I eat

As sacrifice well-offered …

All food, of varied form and nature

Whether bought with gold

Or received as a gift …

Horse, sheep, goat or bullock.

Whatever … sacrificed or not

Bestowed by men

And sanctioned by the Fathers

That comes to me

Pleases and delights …

May Agni, the Hotr

Render as sacrifice well-offered.

O Gods !

Whatever I eat unjustly

Of food bestowed and received

With a measure of doubt

Whether to accept or refuse

That I now swallow…

May the greatness of Universal Being

– Vaisvaanara, the mighty

Make it sweet and blessed to me.



[ II ]    As rendered by Ralph T.H. Griffith, Hymns of the Atharva Veda (1895)


A Priest’s Benediction After Meat

1          What food I eat of varied form and nature,
Food whether gold, or horse, sheep, goat, or bullock,
Whatever gift I have received,
May Agni the Hotar make it as sacrifice well-offered. 

2          Whatever, sacrificed or not, hath reached me,
Bestowed by men and sanctioned by the Fathers,
Whereby my heart seems to leap up,
May Agni the Hotar make that as sacrifice well-offered.


3          What food I eat unjustly, Gods !
Or, doubtful between bestowing and refusing, swallow,
Through greatness of Vaisv
ānara the mighty
May that same food be sweet to me and blessed !