Journal : Atharva Veda – Part V

A SMALL SELECTION OF FREELY PARAPHRASED HYMNS … concluded

Source : Hymns of the Atharva Veda [ 1895 ] by Ralph T.H. Griffith

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/av/av01034.htm

Part I @ https://vamadevananda.wordpress.com/2012/07/10/journal-atharva-veda-part-i-29-2/

Part II @ https://vamadevananda.wordpress.com/2012/07/20/journal-atharva-veda-part-ii/

Part III @ https://vamadevananda.wordpress.com/2012/08/01/journal-atharva-veda-part-iii/

Part IV @ https://vamadevananda.wordpress.com/2012/08/13/journal-atharva-veda-part-iv/

 

Vedas, Vedic Age and Vedic People : A Brief … concluded

LIFE, DEATH & TRUTH – ( 3 )

Is there life after death ?

What will happen to me after death ? ”

Liberation : The First Primordial Delusion

Through Part ( 1 ) https://vamadevananda.wordpress.com/2012/08/01/journal-atharva-veda-part-iii/ and Part ( 2 ) https://vamadevananda.wordpress.com/2012/08/13/journal-atharva-veda-part-iv/ we laid out the “ Model Of Being “ extrapolated from what the Vedic seers discovered in their own self, which every human being at any time can. We posited three Great Spaces instead of just the gross one with material forms. The three Spaces – Material, Mental and Causal – are co-existent and co-incident but have entirely different nature and laws. The Mental was more fundamental than the Material, and Causal more than the Mental.

Every man can observe the living body is preserved by something other than itself – Vitality, which inert and “dead” bodies lack. It is the non-material Vitality that keeps the material body organs operating, diverse health and vigour imparting processes going, and cognitive functions of the nervous system and the brain powered. In human beings, the nervous sytem and developed brain opens across a node into the Mental Space, to which all cognition and feelings are carried by the Vitality. These inputs or stimuli are perceived by the “agent,” the individual self conscious being, the “person” to whom the presentation comes to mean and affect. In reaction, emotions arise, the intensity of which depends upon the how much the input feeling or information means to the individual. Concurrent with the emotion, coursing on vitality in the very body, arises the desire and consequent will that may either prompt animal action, human restraint or rise into the deliberating zone of the mind.

This is what life is – in the mind; how its signs are – of vitality. It is an absolutely different universe from the material one about us in nature, purpose and laws. It is non-material, in Mental Space. Here, the individual living being has its own assigned domain, called the mind. The mind has three parts : Vital, Deliberative and Intellectual. The first is the grossest and most proximate to the brain – nerves node through which the Vitality courses. It is the part that first manifests with the creation of nerves. The Deliberative part is subtler, more free of the gross, that surfaces in the domain with the formation of the brain and becomes available to the individual. The third, the Intellectual part, opens in the presence of the fully developed brain.

Though life is not of the body, senses being outgoing and organs of action being of such value to survival, procreation and sensual gratification, and form being the localised identity to the rest of the universe we find ourselves in, human beings identify themselves with the body, concern themselves with the phenomena in material space, and readily, compulsorily, allow themselves to claimed by it. But, even so, we reserve our deepest bonding, closest and most fulfilling relationships with beings that have access to the mind and its capacities … because we are similarly endowed and it is that which makes us of one species. That we are the body is the first primordial delusion upon human beings.

Liberation : True Knowledge ( I )

This knowledge we perceive and validate within ourselves, of the Three Great Spaces in and of which the entire universe is held, is our own. The beholder of this truth is as differently empowered from how the materialist is as one looking at the entire panorama is from another viewing through a pinhole ! There is impermanence in the material world; objects are endlessly preserved its the mental space.

In continuity with our discovery, we observe that mortality or death is of the nature of loss of material form alone. The cessation of life functions in the body, of directed vitality on which our power to sense and act rests, is “separation” of the tripartite Mind from the body, which its Vital part had preserved and kept alive until then. The “subtle” combination including the individual-ego-self departs with its deepest urges, alongwith the desire flared up at the time when the last breath is expelled. The unit includes its mental impressions, sans name-place-form identities proper to the material space. The lost, immobilised but conscious being separates from the body and is carried on vitality, along with its vital organs and functions, then potential.

Instead of coming to an end, as it happens with the material form, the entire subtle unit remains in mental space, tethered to its source in causal space – the Soul. The attenuated individual self hovers for the duration it takes for it to live through heavenly and hellish emotional consequences of its moral and immoral actions in life as it was, quite as mortals live through their own subconscious impressions in dream. After the “ Karma “ expose is over, the subtle self reincarnates with its morally laden conscience as another body in the material space.

This then is the nature of the Mental space : knowledge. All forms in it are non-material, whether of the individual being, which is but an ideated sense of separately existing self, or of impressed knowledge and empowerment. Its purpose is to preserve the individual self’s journey in truth, both in life and afterlife. It is the indelible realm where the laws of karma are operative and come to fruition, where the acquired learning, impressions and desires of the individual self are safeguarded, for it to take it forward from one opportune lifetime to another. The Mental Space is also the incorruptible school and authentic source of morals, the codes for mental and behavioural conduct essential to spiritual evolution and abiding happiness that humans are eternally advised to uphold in life.

In truth, the Mental universe of the individual self is more real, infinitely more real, than its material one. But the individual self forgets, on account of the mesmerising effects of its physical birth, its several identities in life, multiple opportunities to diverse experiences, and its attachments to objects and beings that please. Though no religion is the original source of codes to moral life, the few which originated in the East have institutionalised them in their belief and practice, and serve to remind men of their essence. Once in a while, a practitioner rises to that origin in the Mental Space and comes back shining in its truth to re-proclaim them in contemporary terms. I know of several in the land of my birth.

The individual self and the tripartite mind never dies of age. Its journey is without a beginning and continues endlessly through the transmigration from one body to another until, in one of its lifetime, it acquires enough memory and truth in its own regard to outgrow the subtle body. Its life then becomes his last; the mind form, its domain in the mental space, detaches from the self for all purposes except as necessary for the physical-spiritual momentum to come to its end upon death of the form. The individual self unifies with the Soul and transmigrates no more !

Liberation : True Knowledge ( 2 )

The Soul is the ever awake witness – consciousness that looks over the individual self in life and oversees its karmic consequences and its transmigration in afterlife. Under its gaze the vitality, alongwith potentials scripted into it, attaches itself with the cosmic knowledge coagulates programmed in another material form. Soon, the individual being is vitalised, identifies with its new body, new parents, family members, places and names, and is launched on its journey in material space through childhood, adult life, old age, to another death !

The Soul is One, not many, as is claimed in common parlance in such terms as : my soul, his very soul, the soul of the man, etc. It is the I-witness-consciousness, free and pure, without the least karmic impression, pervading the Causal Space from which the manifestation of the material and mental universe proceeds, and to which all detached knowledge impressions aggregate. The same Soul reflects in each ideate impression of the individual self in the Mental Space and vests it with its own separate – I – consciousness.

The Soul witnesses the sense of separation in the individual selves with an immense wonder at its untruth, for it is forever filled with its own undifferentiated awareness of being infinite. Some call it God, a nomenclature I might agree with provided it excludes the “ Person ” superimposed on it. Except for the degree of Truth respective to each, the Soul is as much a phenomena of the Causal Space as the individual self is of Mental Space. There is no sense of agency or doership in the Soul. Witnessed in absolute wakefulness, the universe is its dream that instantly comes true.Bliss infinite is its only attribute.

It is not impossible for anybody to validate the truth of these matters of fact, but well nigh. For, it is impossible to be awake during deep sleep ! There are prescribed paths to travel the inner way consciously, laid out in Raja-Yoga. There is not much that can be said in this regard, hence.

Liberation : True Knowledge ( 3 )

One is lodged in the true nature of the Self, sans I or universe, when identity with even the Soul-I-consciousness is cut asunder… The Self is absorbed in itself. It is consciousness pure – unthinkable, indescribable. Or, not even that. There is no word for That.

* * *

 

( 31 ) A Song Of Harvest

BOOK III : HYMN XXIV

The plants of the earth are rich in milk

And rich in milk is this, my word,

So from that which is rich in milk

I fetch hither a thousandfold more.

 
I know Him who is rich in milk.

He has made our corn abundant.

The God whose name is Gatherer

Him we invoke

Who dwelleth in his house

And, who sacrifices not.

 
Let all the five races of mankind

All the five regions of heavens

Bring abundance hither

As the stream brings drift after it rains.

 
Open the well with a hundred streams

With a thousand streams that exhaust not.

So too, cause this corn of ours to be abundant

With a thousand streams.

 
Gather up, O Thou with a hundred hands !

Pour forth, O Thou with a thousand hands !

Bring hither abundance

To the corn that is ripe

And to those yet not prepared.

 
The Gandharvas claim three sheaves.

The lady of the house has four.

We touch thee with the sheaf

That is the most abundant of them all.

 
O Praj
āpati ! Adding and Gathering

Are thy two attendants.

May they bring abundance hither

Abundant wealth that does not exhaust.

( 32 ) On The Means To Obtain Immunity

From Taxation In The Next World

BOOK III : HYMN XXIX

I bring to you freedom from hate

Concord and unanimity.

Love one another

As the cow loves the calf

That she has borne.

 
One-minded with his mother

Let the son be loyal to his sire.

Let the wife, calm and gentle

Speak words sweet as honey

To her man.

 
No brother hate his brother

No sister be unkind to sister.

Unanimous, with one intent

Speak ye the words in friendliness.


That spell through which gods bade

That you sever not

Nor ever bear hatred for each other

That spell we lay upon your home

A bond of union

For unanimity among the men.

 
Intelligent, submissive, rest united

Be friendly and kind

Bearing the yoke together.

Come, speaking sweetly

Each one to the other.

I make you of one intent

And of one mind.

 
Let what you drink be common

Share your food together

With one common bond

I bid you.


Serve Agni. Gather around him

Like the spokes about the chariot nave.

 
With binding charm, I unite you all.

Obeying one sole leader

Be of one mind.

Even as the Gods, who watch

And guard the ambrosia

May ye be of kind heart

At morn and eve.

( 33 ) A charm to restore virile power

BOOK IV : HYMN IV

Thee, O Plant, which the Gandharva dug up for Varuna

When his virility had decayed …

Thee we dig up, that causest strength.


Ushas (Aurora), Sûrya, (Sun), and this charm of mine;

The bull, Prajâpati (the Lord of creatures)

Shall arouse him with his lusty fire !


This herb shall make thee

So very full of lusty strength

That thou shalt, when thou art excited

Exhale heat, as a thing on fire does !


The fire of the plant

And the essence of the bull

Shall arouse him !

Do thou, O Indra, controller of all bodies

Place the lusty force of men

Into this person !


Thou, O Herb, art the first-born sap of the waters

And of the plants.

Thou, moreover, art the brother of Soma

And the lusty force of the antelope buck !


Now, O Agni, now…

O Savitr, now…

O Goddess Sarasvatî, now…

O Brahmanaspatî, do thou stiffen the penis

And render it as a bow !


I stiffen thy penis, as a bowstring upon the bow.

Embrace thou the women

As the antelope buck mounts the gazelle

With ever unfailing strength !


Bestow upon him, O Indra

The strength of the horse

Of the mule, the goat and the ram…

And the strength of the bull on top.

( 34 ) A Lover’s Sleep-Charm

Book IV : HYMN V

The Bull who hath a thousand horns

Who rises from the sea,

By him, the strong and mighty one

We lull the folk to rest and sleep.

 
Over the surface of the earth

There breathes no wind

There looks no eye.

Lull all the women

Lull the dogs to sleep…

With Indra as thy friend !

 
The woman sleeping in the court

Lying without, or stretched on beds

The matrons with their odorous sweets—

These, one and all, we lull to sleep.

 
Each moving thing have I secured

Have held the eye and held the breath.

Each limb and member have I seized

In the deep darkness of the night.

 
The man who sits, the man who walks

Whoever stands and clearly sees…

Of these, we close the eyes shut

Even as we close the house shut.

 
Sleep, Mother.

Let the father sleep.

Sleep, o dog.

Let the master of the house sleep.

Let all her kinsmen sleep.

Let all people who are around and about sleep.

 
With soporific charm, O Sleep

Lull thou all folks to slumber.

Let the rest sleep till break of day

I will remain awake till dawn

Like Indra, free from scathe and harm.

( 35 ) A Parting Traveller’s Address To The Houses Of His Village

BOOK VII : HYMN LX

I, prudent, bring power and a win a treasure for you

With amicable eye that strikes no terror.

I come to these houses with praise and kind thoughts :

Be not afraid of me.

Be glad and joyful.

 
Let these delightful houses that are rich in power

And are stores of milk

Replete with wealth and standing firm

Become aware of our approach.

 
These houses we invoke

Whereon the distant exile sets his thought

Wherein dwell many a friendly heart :

Let them be aware of our approach.

 
Thus I greet ye, of ample wealth

My friends, who enjoy delightful sweets

Be ever free from hunger, free from thirst !

O ye Houses, fear us not !

 
Kind greetings to the cattle here

Kind greeting to the goats and sheep !

Then, of the food within our homes

Kind greetings to the pleasant drink !


Full of refreshment, full of charms

Full of laughter and felicity

Be ever free from hunger, free from thirst !

O ye Houses, fear us not !

Stay here, and come not after me :

Prosper in every form and shape.

With happy fortune will I come

Grow more abundant still

Through me !

( 36 ) Sacrificial Incantation

BOOK VII : HYMN XCVII

As we have elected thee, skilled Hotr

As our sacrifice proceeds today

Come to the firm seat, o most mighty !

Yea, come in firmness

And, knowing the sacrifice

Approach the Soma.


O Indra, the Lord of Bay !

Connect us with kine, with spirits

With steeds, princes and with favour

With the portion of Brāhmans

That is destined for God

And with the goodwill of gods

Who merit worship.

 
O Agni ! O God !

Thou hast brought hither the willing gods

Whom thou now must send

To their own dwelling-place.

O ye, Vasus !

When ye have eaten

And have drunk the sweet juices

Endow this man with precious wealth.

 
O Gods, who, pleased with me

Have come to my libation !

We have made your seats of easy access.

Bear thou and bring hither your treasures

And, partaking of the rich warm beverage

Mount thou to the heaven.

 
Go to the sacrifice, O Lord of Sacrifice !

Go to its master !

Go thou to thy birthplace !

Go now, with Svāhā !

 
O Lord of the Rite !

This is the sacrifice for thee…

Libations charged with vigour

 In the hymnal pit. Svāhā!

Vashat ! To paid and yet unpaid oblations.

Ye Gods, who know the way

Find and pursue it !

 
O Lord of the Mind !

Lay this sacrifice of ours in heaven

Among the Gods.

Svāhā in heaven !

Svāhā on earth !

Svāhā in the space in between !

All Hail ! I have paid offerings to the wind.

( 37 ) An Initiation …

BOOK VII : HYMN CV

Leaving humanity behind

Making the heavenly word thy choice

Address thyself to furthering and guiding the men  

With all thy friends.

( 38 ) Benediction On A Warrior

BOOK VII : HYMN CXVIII

Thy vital parts I cover with thine armour :

May Lord Soma clothe thee with immortality !

May Varuna give thee what is more than ample !

And may the gods rejoice

In thy triumph !

* * * Concluded * * *

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5 thoughts on “Journal : Atharva Veda – Part V

  1. Reblogged this on verum intus, fulsi vacuus and commented:

    This is what life is – in the mind; how its signs are – of vitality. It is an absolutely different universe from the material one about us in nature, purpose and laws. It is non-material, in Mental Space. Here, the individual living being has its own assigned domain, called the mind. The mind has three parts : Vital, Deliberative and Intellectual…

    Followed by Songs Of The Harvest from 5000 years ago !

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